*Library of Congress, Prints & Photographs Division, FSA-OWI Collection,
[ Lange, Dorothea)
This is my Grandmother, Helen Niccum.  She and her husband,
Elza Niccum,  were among the first to homestead in Cow Hollow.
This is the soddy they lived in until their brick home was built.
Photographed by Dorothea Lange in 1939.*
Dorothea Lange's Migrant Mother depicts destitute
pea pickers in California, centering on Florence
Owens Thompson, age 32, a mother of seven
children, in Nipomo, California, March 1936. *
May 1936. The Dust Bowl on the Great Plains
coincided with the Great Depression.
The Great Depression, began in 1929 and was ebbing by the late 1930's and early 1940's.  
The depression, coupled with the Dust Bowl in the mid 1930's, caused many people to lose
all they owned. Crops had failed, or blown away.  The stock market had crashed, and
banks folded - taking millions of honest people down with them.
The lucky ones were able
to hold on to their homes, sticking it out.
 For others, they became homeless; Nomads,
wandering and looking for a place to call home.
 Not everyone setting out to find a new life
was homeless,  but it was just not possible
to stay where they were.
TYNER HISTORICAL ENTERPRISES
Dedicated to Keeping American History Alive
Owyhee Dam, completed in 1932.  At the
time of it's completion, it was the
tallest
concrete dam in the world.
Side view of Owyhee Dam
Spill-way at Owyhee Dam

Those who came to Malheur County found the Owyhee Dam... and Water.  
Land to grow crops, if they were willing to work, and, they
were willing.
The promise lay ahead of eeking out a new life, one sage brush at a time.  
THE OWYHEE DAM, IN MALHEUR COUNTY, OREGON IS STILL ONE OF THE LARGEST
CONCRETE ARCH GRAVITY DAMS IN THE WORLD.  IT WAS COMPLETED BY THE
BUREAU OF RECLAMATION IN 1932.
 IT BROUGHT THE PROMISE OF NEW LIFE FOR
MANY, AND OPENED
UP THE BRUSH COVERED LAND FOR AGRICULTURE USE.